Final results from Italy confirmed Avian Influenza H5N1 HPAI in four provinces of Afghanistan

Kabul, 05 May 2006 - On 4 May 2006, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Representation in Afghanistan received the, definitive results of tests on 103 samples which were sent to the FAO/OIE reference laboratory in Padova, Italy. These samples were sent to Padova on 6 April 2006, after testing at the FAO veterinary diagnostic laboratory in Kabul, to determine the N subtype.
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According to the results, H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) cases have been definitely confirmed in four provinces: Kabul, Logar, Nangarhar and Kapisa.

The status of two provinces, namely Laghman and Parwan, needs further assessement. Information available so far is that in Laghman it has been identified an Avian Influenza viral strain belonging to H5 subtype while in Parwan the viral strain identified belongs to H5N1. Further characterization of those viral strains could not be obtained.

FAO is recommending the collection of additional samples and epidemiological information to clarify the status of the two provinces.

FAO veterinary diagnostic laboratory in Kabul is still receiving samples from the different parts of country and tests are continuing. An additional shipment of 221 samples will shortly arrive to the FAO/OIE reference laboratory in Padova, Italy.

The last confirmed cases of Avian Influenza were detected in Kabul and Kapisa provinces on samples received on 2 and 3 April 2006 respectively.

The Animal Health and Production Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry & Food (MAAHF), in collaboration with FAO Representation in Afghanistan are promoting an active surveillance programme in the country in order to have a clear picture of the epidemiological situation.


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